Choosing the right bait can be the difference of making the catch of your life and not catching anything at all. Following these steps should get you casting a line in the right direction.
Know Your Fish
The first step in choosing your bait is to know what fish you will be catching with it. Different fish require different types of bait to draw their attention. You also need to know your fish’s speed and travel patterns in order to get a bait and lure that will be able to keep up at the fish’s depth. It is also important to know the habits that the fish practices in certain types of weather and certain times of the year.
Live vs. Artificial
When choosing a bait, it is important to determine if you are better off to use live or artificial bait due to the differences in fishing strategy. An example would be the slow hook process of worm baited fishing. Worm fishing requires patience as it will take a while for a fish that is hungry to recognize the bait and attempt to bite, while on the other hand some artificial lures and baits can get fish to bite out of pure curiosity. Another thing to note is the size of the fish you are seeking to catch. The size also determines what kind of bait you should use, because the bigger the fish the bigger the bait. Nature plays a role in bait selection because using live bait will allow the fish to natural movements and scents as well.
Depth and Color
There are a few general rules to follow when determining the depth and color that you need to be seeking in your bait. By knowing the travel patterns of your fish, you can find out the average depth that the fish stays at, and pick out a lure and bait accordingly. Lures are usually marked for their maximum operating depth and it is fairly easy to match a lure’s depth to a fish one you know the fish’s home depth. This will prevent you from having the problem of a 3ft deep lure for an 8 ft deep fish. Color of the bait also plays a role when matching to fish. The brighter colors should be used on bright days in clear waters, while darker colors should be used in murky water or in bad weather.