Know the Fish
Before any successful fishing trip, you will want to know the fish you are going to try to catch. This will determine where you go to catch the fish, what bait you use, and many other traits of the fishing trip.
The first step in choosing your bait is to know what fish you will be catching with it. Different fish require different types of bait to draw their attention. You also need to know your fish’s speed and travel patterns in order to get a bait and lure that will be able to keep up at the fish’s depth. It is also important to know the habits that the fish practices in certain types of weather and certain times of the year for the color of the bait. Brighter baits work better in clear water on bright days, while dark baits cast a better silhouette in the murky water some fish inhabit.
No matter if you are on a boat or on the banks, casting is relatively the same process for beginner fishermen. To start with, beginners will most likely want to use a closed-reel style pole. Though they are not very efficient in the long run for more experienced fishers, they are the easiest pole to cast off of for beginners and will get you fishing without a huge learning curve.
The Basic Casting Motion of a Closed-Reel Pole
- Ensure that your line is not tangled and that your tip is baited. Reel the line all or most of the way in
- Remove hand from reel. Draw the pole back in either an upward or sideways motion
- Once the pole is back a little ways past your pole hand shoulder, press the release located on the top of the reel
- Holding the release, sling the pole in the opposite motion that you drew back with (downwards or sideways to the front)
- Congratulations you’ve casted! If you do not like the spot you’ve casted to, reel the line back in and cast again!
Catching the Fish
Catching a fish will require patience as many potential fishers do not catch a fish on their first fishing trip. That being said, don’t give up! When you do encounter your first fish, there is a rush that comes with the potential for a catch and it is understandable, but remember these two things:
Set your hook by pulling back and up when there is tension on your line.
Never get too greedy when reeling a fish in. Trying to prematurely reel a fish in can result in a snapped line or worse, so always let the fish tire itself out first.
Congratulations! Now armed with the basics you are ready to go catch a fish!